Home Improvement

All About Distribution Boards


Imagine a situation – you run your air conditioner in your bedroom or living room and simultaneously plan to use your oven for baking. When you start the oven, there’s a sudden power cut, you think it’s a power outage, but it isn’t. It’s the tripped circuit breaker! A power cut off device protects against electrical overcurrent by cutting the power supply when two high-power appliances are used in conjunction. It protects the wires from overheating, tripping and changing into the off position. Now you might think, why am I talking about a circuit breaker? There is a metal box in every apartment’s entrance wall, where all the circuit breakers are located. This is where the distribution board is accommodated.

What Is A Distribution Board?

A distribution board is the central electrical supply system for any retail or residential entity. The main cable feeds the secondary circuits, such as lights and plugs, via breakers through the distribution board. Maintaining an adequate power distribution is necessary to maintain the optimal performance of all devices, and this is also crucial in protecting the safety of your home and appliances.

Unlike basic electrical distribution boards, these distribution boards are more than just enclosures; they are an entire system that includes neutral links, an earth leakage device, and interconnecting wires that ensure proper electrical distribution in your house.

Types Of Distribution Boards

Let’s talk about all the categories of distribution boards.

Single Door Distribution Board

A single door distribution board is used for simple applications and is available in 4-way, 8-way, and 16-way configurations.

Double Door Distribution Board 

Double-door distribution boards are used for more heavy-duty appliances with increased applications and connections. They are used for commercial purposes.

Here is a list of distribution boards based on their requirements

Fuse Boxes:

A fuse box controls and distributes electricity for a house. It’s important to know where it’s situated so that you can make use of it in an emergency. The box contains circuit breakers, main switch and current device.

Main Breaker Panel:

They protect the circuit breaker from overheating and watch its amperage capacity. Three wires are connected to breakers along with the circuit, and when there’s a signal, the main breaker can shut down the power along with the circuit breaker.

Main Lug Panel:

Main lug units function as distribution boards when the main breaker seems to be upstream. When connected to a breaker from the main panel, these lugs form a sub-panel that can be used as a breaker enclosure. Power can be shut off at the metre in an emergency without entering the house.

Sub Panels:

They are easy to install and are efficient for a house as they are small and distribute electricity to a specific area. Subpanels can adjust the electricity distribution and are powered by the main panel.

Transfer Switches:

Its main purpose is to shift loads between two electrical sources and as a power generator backup. They are available in two types – Automatic and Manual.

You can now purchase a Distribution board according to your need from IndoAsian.



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