Whether you are a construction company, a contractor or an individual business owner, one thing is clear – you need heavy equipment to continue the business of construction. This means that you will be driving everything from cranes to backhoes and different types of tractors on your site frequently. It would be best if you got the right steps to keeping heavy surveying equipment in mind.
Adequate lubrication of components
To keep heavy construction equipment in good working order, it is important to maintain adequate lubrication on all components. The first step to doing this is knowing exactly where the lubricant will go.
The most common places for lubrication are as follows:
- Between moving parts of a machine that touch each other;
- Between moving parts of a machine that do not touch each other;
- On the internal parts of the engine; and
- In the transmission.
Proper cooling procedures
The first step to keeping heavy construction equipment running smoothly is proper cooling procedures. This is especially important for equipment that has been operating for extended periods of time.
The key to cooling the engine and other components properly is to not let them overheat in the first place. This means taking care to keep the vehicle’s overall temperature at an appropriate level by checking the heat gauge regularly, adding water as needed, and driving at a speed that allows the engine to cool down between stops.
If you find yourself in an emergency situation where your cooling system has failed or broken down, there are a few things you can do:
1) Turn off all unnecessary electrical devices (lights, wipers, air conditioning)
2) Open any doors or windows that are not sealed shut
3) Try starting your vehicle again after 10 minutes with no success.
Change the oil
Changing the oil in your heavy construction equipment is an important part of maintaining your equipment and keeping it in good working condition.
Step 1: Drain the oil
Once you have removed all of the oil from the engine, you will be able to change the oil filter. The oil filter should be located on top of the engine block, just above where you removed the drain plug.
Step 2: Install new filter
Once you have removed your old filter, you can put in a new one by following these steps:
- Place new filter into position on top of engine block where you removed old one
- Secure it with a new gasket ring or metal clamp that comes with your new filter
- Replace any bolts that hold down metal plates over holes in engine block (if needed)
- Remove cover plate on top of engine block if required by manufacturer’s directions
- Add new motor oil through opening provided by manufacturer’s directions
Wash equipment after every use
Washing your heavy construction equipment after every use is the best way to keep it in good working condition.
If you don’t wash your equipment after every use, it will get dirty and start to wear out faster. If you don’t clean off the dirt and grime, it will build up on the parts of your machinery that need to move smoothly, which can cause them to break or wear out before they should. You’ll also have a harder time getting all of the dirt out of nooks and crannies, which will make future cleaning more difficult.
You should also be sure to wash your heavy construction equipment after using it outside in damp weather—this includes rain or snow. When water gets into places inside your machinery where it doesn’t belong, it can cause problems with electrical wiring or other important systems that are designed for dry conditions only.
Use the correct fuel and coolant
The first step to keeping heavy construction equipment running smoothly is to use the correct fuel and coolant.
When you’re dealing with large machinery, it’s important to make sure you’re using the right type of fuel. For example, if you’re driving a diesel truck, then you want to make sure that you’re using diesel. If you use gasoline instead of diesel, it could cause significant damage to your engine.
The same goes for coolants—make sure that yours are compatible with your equipment!
Inspect all parts of the machine before starting it each day
Make sure that all parts are in good condition and no loose bits or cracks have formed, as this can cause a lot of damage to your machine.
Inspect all bolts and nuts as well as any other parts that could come loose.
Maintaining heavy construction equipment can be difficult, but paying attention to these steps can help.
Safe operation of surveying equipment is a primary concern for surveyors and construction companies that utilize this type of machinery. The most important factors to consider when operating heavy construction equipment include: weight, speed and misalignment, with each one more complicated than the last.