You might be wondering how to seal around a house foundation. You can either use a flexible rubber caulk or drainage tile, or you can opt for epoxy injections. The former works best for sealing around the house foundation’s expansion joints, while the latter restores the strength and loading of the original concrete.
Diagonal cracks are easier to prevent than horizontal fissures
Unlike the horizontal ones, diagonal cracks on a house foundation are typically much easier to repair. They will often appear in concrete walls and are usually caused by frost damage, expansive clay soil, or point loads that exceed the strength of the concrete mix. If you notice cracks under ground floor windows, they indicate that the foundation is heaving or that your footings are shallow.
Besides having a waterproof sealant on your foundation, you must pay close attention to the rest of your home. If you spot cracks in your house foundation, consult a structural engineer or specialist for an inspection. Also, make sure to install moisture systems around the perimeter of your home to avoid water damage to the interior and exterior walls. Cracks can progress to other areas of your house, weakening the entire house.
Flexible rubber caulk works well as a concrete expansion joint sealant
Flexible rubber caulk is an excellent choice when sealing cracks and gaps in your house. Not only can it fill in tiny holes, but it will also act as a strong bond between building materials. As a durable sealant, caulk can also be used to repair your foundation.
This type of caulk is great for sealing cracks in masonry and drywall. However, it can be irritating and hard to clean up afterward.
Drain tile may be needed to seal around a house foundation
Installing drain tile around a house foundation can cost a few thousand dollars, especially if you plan to use it after you’ve finished building. To install drain tile, the soil surrounding the foundation must be excavated to the depth of the footings, which is usually eight to nine feet deep. This excavation requires the excavation of a collection pit and the installation of perforated pipe. Once the tile is installed, a contractor must install gravel around the perforated pipe to protect it from clogging.
The purpose of drain tile is to divert water away from the house’s foundation. It will prevent water from entering the basement or crawl space. While some homes may never need this system, heavy rain and snowmelt can cause water to collect in a cellar. In addition, this solution may not be suitable for older homes that do not have foundation drainage systems. Depending on your area, you may need to dig a trench around the foundation to install drain tile.
Epoxy injections restore the original strength and loading of the original concrete
The structural integrity of a house foundation is compromised by several factors, such as soil settlement, ground freezing, and multiple cracks in a single location. Epoxy injections can be used to repair the cracks in concrete and restore its strength to its original state. Thermal changes may cause damage, pressure from the soil beneath the house, or shrinkage. Structural engineers can recommend changes to the original design of a house foundation, which can also be reinforced with epoxy injections.
When an epoxy injection is performed, the crack must be cleaned with a wire brush or other instrument to remove any debris that might be in the way. Injection epoxy is applied through several ports until the first port is filled. Once the epoxy has cured, it is easy to remove the paste-over with a chisel, scraper, or grinder. The injection ports should be clean and dry. A heat gun can help soften the epoxy for removal if the crack is large.
Cost to seal a foundation gap
You may wonder how much it costs to seal around a house foundation gap. First of all, you should remember that the work involved is messy, as you will need to dig up the soil to find the location of the gap. Another factor to consider is the proper landscaping slope. If the hill is not correct, the foundation may suffer damage.
Cracks in a house’s foundation are not always obvious, but they may be warning signs of more significant problems. For example, a leaking pipe or a broken water line may require repairs, such as sealing the leak. Shifting is another possible cause and may require underpinning and metal pins. Other options for leveling a house may involve mud jacking or slab jacking, in which grout is pumped into the foundation holes. The cost of this service will depend on the extent of damage and whether you have a leak or not. Using a structural engineer may cost about $200 to $400 for a typical house.